To protect us from the cold climate, or simply as a noble and precious fabric, the history of cashmere begins on the Central Asian plateau and reaches the West, where it meets fashion and thus transforms its identity.
All the quality of cashmere
Warm, soft and refined, cashmere is obtained from the fleece of a particular species of goat that lives in what is called “The Kashmir region”. This region extends into the countries of Iran, Russia, Afghanistan, Turkey and India, however the finest cashmere comes from the highlands of Mongolia.
The value of this noble fiber is due to its particular softness and its great ability to warm body and soul.
In fact, due to the very cold temperatures of the Kashmir and Mongolia region, the goats have developed a very thin and dense undercoat of fibers capable of insulating the animal from the external cold. It is from this undercoat, called duvet, that the noble fiber is obtained, and the thinner this coat, the more valuable the fiber will be. Cashmere from Mongolia owes its virtues especially to the particular fineness, that reaches up to 14-15 microns.
The chromatic uniformity of the fibers also affects the quality of the cashmere. In the outermost part of Mongolia, north of the Gobi desert, the so-called “Brown” fiber is produced; in the south of Mongolia, the “White” fiber and most valuable one is produced.
Spring, time for shearing and combing
In spring, temperatures rise and the climate becomes milder, this is the moment of shearing. First the external coat is cut, the coarser one, and then the duvet is collected by combing. With special combs with very long teeth, the goats are gently stroked in the softest parts, the neck and the girth, to obtain the cashmere fibers. After combing, the fibers are washed and dried.
Each goat produces on average 150-200 grams of usable cashmere, of which another 10% is lost during the spinning processes, it is now not difficult to understand the high cost of cashmere garments. The clearer, purer, finer and longer the raw material will be, the higher its cost will be, and the more valuable the product will be.
When temperatures rise and the climate becomes milder, the cashmere is harvested: the undercoat is extracted with the combing process. Combing is a completely harmless operation for the animal that is combed in its softest and most fiber-rich parts, in the chinstrap and girth.
With the passage of time, especially thanks to the textile revolution, this fiber took on an increasingly noble and sophisticated character, becoming a fabric of excellence for high fashion.
The cashmere fraud
It is a modern phenomenon that tries to deceive touch and sight.
With the textile revolution, cashmere has taken on an increasingly noble and sophisticated character, becoming a fabric of excellence for high fashion, even that of today. Luxurious, warm and soft clothing has become the dream of many people who are increasingly mislead by fabrics made with very small percentages of cashmere mixed with other less or non-valuable materials.
As master craftsmen of this noble fabric, one of our tasks is also to educate people on the history and origins of this majestic fiber, so impalpable and soft as it is impenetrable.